Topic: HPV, human papilloma virus, HPV 16, HPV 18
HPV, human papilloma virus, HPV 16, HPV 18
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a family of more than 100 viruses that can lead to infection, in both males and females. HPV is transmitted from person to person usually via physical sexual contact.
The Papilloma virus family is known to be able to infect the tissues of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, anus, breast tissue, mouth and throat. There are many sub-types of HPV. Approximately 30 types of HPV are considered ‘high risk’, and can infect the genitals. HPV infection, like many viral infections, can be present with minimal or no clinical signs, and can remain in the infected tissue for many years. These infections might or might not lead to severe symptoms in a lifetime, depending on many known and unknown factors. Cervical cancer is one direct, possible effect of long term HPV infection, probably in conjunction with other causative factors.